Journal of Periodontology & Implant Dentistry, Vol 8, No 2 (2016)

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Stability analysis of implanted Ti and Zr-2.5%Nb in jawbone by finite element analysis

Adel Pirjamali Neisiani, Mohsen Sarafbidabad


Background. Improving the implantation conditions in order to reduce the failure is always desirable for researchers. The aim of this study was to compare two different types of dental implant materials from biomechnical viewpoint in order to introduce a novel simulation method to select suitable materials for dental implants.
Methods. In this research, drilling process was performed in the cortical bone of the mandible by finite element analysis simulation. Then, a 3D model of the produced hole in the drilled sitewas derived and a dental implant model by ITI design was inserted into the cavity. The space remaining between the implant and cavity was considered as a newly formed cortical bone area. Implant loading was performed on two dental implants with different types of material. The change in the volume of the cortical bone around each implant was considered a criterion for evaluating bone damage. Additionally, the micromotion of dental implant in the mandible after implantation was used for investigating dental implant stability.
Results. After implant loading, the volume changes in newly formed cortical bone around Ti and Zr-2.5%Nb dental im-plants were measured at 0.010809 and 0.010996 mm3, respectively. Furthermore, micromotion of Ti and Zr-2.5%Nb dental implants were measured at 0.00514 and 0.00538 mm, respectively.
Conclusion. This study showed that Ti dental implant creates better conditions than Zr-2.5%Nb dental implant in the maxillofacial region.
Key words: Dental implant, mandible, finite element analysis, drilling operation.

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