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Author Guidelines

Submission of Manuscripts. Journal of Periodontology & Implant Dentistry uses an online, electronic submission system at By accessing the e-mail address authors will also be able to submit their article(s).When submitting a manuscript, authors must provide an electronic version of their manuscript. For this purpose original source files, not PDF files, are preferred. All correspondence, including the Editor's decision and request for revisions will be by e-mail.

Authors who are not fluent in English should seek help in the preparation of their manuscripts. Such assistance will enhance the review and greatly reduce the time until publication if the article is accepted.

Articles accepted for publication are subject to editorial revision. Statements and opinions expressed in the articles and communications herein are those of the author(s) and not necessarily those of the Editor(s) or publisher, and the Editor(s) and publisher disclaim any responsibility or liability for such material. Neither the Editor(s) nor the publisher guarantees, warrants, or endorses any product or service advertised in this publication. Neither do they guarantee any claim made by the manufacturer of such product or service.

We use iThenticate software in the processing of the manuscripts.

Duality of Interests. Any commercial or other associations that might create a duality of interests in connection with a submitted manuscript must be disclosed. All sources of external funds supporting the work must be indicated in a footnote, as should all corporate affiliations of the authors including author(s) relationship with a corporate entity involved with the subject of the research or product being espoused in the submission. A covering letter at the time of submission should inform the Editor of pertinent consultancies, stock ownership or other equity interests, or patent licensing arrangements. All information will remain confidential while the paper is being reviewed and will not influence the editorial decision. If the manuscript is accepted, the Editor will communicate with the authors how best to disclose the relevant information.

Publication Standards of Ethical Conduct. Submitting manuscripts for publication that contain elements of fabrication, falsification, or plagiarism constitutes a major violation of the universally accepted standards of ethical and scientific conduct.

Copyright statement. The specified copyright statement that follows the Information for Authors in each issue of the Journal must be completed, signed by all authors, and faxed to the Editorial Office at +98 (411) 337 8001. If not completed in full, it will be returned to the author for completion. The copyright statement may be photocopied for submission or scanned and e-mailed.

Preparation of manuscripts. Only original manuscripts will be considered for publication. Correct preparation of the manuscript by the author will expedite the reviewing and publication procedures. Manuscripts should be typed double-spaced. Please note the following requirements and the instructions for online submission.

The article, including all tables, should be formatted in Microsoft Word. The use of appropriate subheadings throughout the body of the text (Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, and Discussion sections) is required. Legends for figures and tables should appear after the reference list. Illustrations must also be submitted electronically as separate files (not embedded). File specifications are listed below in "Illustrations." Routine case reports add little to our knowledge, but good case reports may be published if they meet certain criteria: (1) are of rare or unusual lesions that need documentation, (2) are well-documented cases showing unusual or "atypical" clinical or microscopic features or behavior, or (3) are cases showing good long-term follow-up information, particularly in areas in which good statistics on results of treatment are needed.

Title page. The title page of the manuscript should include the title of the article, the full name of the author(s), academic degrees, positions, and institutional affiliations. Listed authors should include only those individuals who have made a significant creative contribution. The corresponding author's address and e-mail address should be given. A second title page should contain only the article title. No authors' names or affiliations should appear. This copy will be sent to peer reviewers.

Abstract. An abstract of no more than 200 words, typewritten double-spaced, should precede the introduction to the article and must accompany each manuscript.

Structured abstract. A structured abstract limited to 200 words must be used for data-based research articles. The structured abstract is to contain the following major headings: Background and aims, Materials and Methods, Results, and Conclusion(s). The Aims(s) reflects the purpose of the study, that is, the hypothesis that is being tested. The Materials and Methods should include the setting for the study, the subjects (number and type), the treatment or intervention, and the type of statistical analysis. The Results include the outcome of the study and statistical significance if appropriate. The Conclusion(s) states the significance of the results.

At the end of this section, a maximum of five words, in alphabetical order, should be included as "key words".

Introduction. The introduction contains a concise review of the subject area and the rationale for the study. More detailed comparisons to previous work and conclusions of the study appear in the Discussion section.

Materials and Methods. The methods section should describe in adequate detail the experimental subjects, their important characteristics, and the methods, apparatus, and procedures used so that other researchers can reproduce the experiment. When the paper reports experiments on human subjects, the methods section must indicate that the protocol was reviewed by the appropriate institutional review board (IRB) and that each subject in the project signed a detailed informed consent form.

Animals. Please indicate that protocols were reviewed by the appropriate institutional committee with respect to the humane care and treatment of animals used in the study.

Results. Results should be presented in a logical sequence with reference to tables, figures, and illustrations as appropriate.

Discussion. New and possible findings of the study should be emphasized, as well as any conclusions that can be drawn. The discussion should compare the present data to previous findings. Limitations of the experimental methods should be indicated, as should implications for future research. New hypotheses and clinical recommendations are appropriate and should be clearly identified. Recommendations, particularly clinical ones, may be included when appropriate.

Acknowledgments. Recognize individuals who provided assistance to the project. Report all sources of grant and other support for the project or study, including funds received from contributors, institutions and commercial sources. Consultancies and funds paid directly to investigators must also be listed.

References. References should be cited selectively. Personal communications and unpublished data are not to be cited as references; instead, they should be cited in parentheses at the appropriate place in the text. Make sure all references have been verified and are cited consecutively in the text (not including tables) by superscript numbers. Reference list format should conform to that set forth in "Uniform Requirement for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals" (Ann Intern Med 1997; 126:36-47). For journal citations, include surnames and initials of authors, complete title of article, name of journal (abbreviated according to the Cumulated Index Medicus), year of publication, volume, and page numbers. For book citations, surnames and initials of authors, chapter title (if applicable), editors' surnames and initials, book title, volume number (if applicable), edition number (if applicable), city and full name of publisher, year of publication, and page numbers of citation.

EXAMPLES (if six or fewer authors, list all; if seven or more list first six and add et al):

Format for periodical references: Serper A, Ozbak M, Calt S. Accidental sodium hypochlorite-induced skin injury during endodontic treatment. J Endod 2004; 30:180-1.

Format for book references: Fletcher RW, Fletcher SW. Clinical Epidemiology: The Essentials, 4th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2005:193-4.

Format for chapter references: Werb Z. Proteinases and matrix degradation. In: Kelly WN, Harris FD Jr, Ruddy S, Sledge CB, eds. Textbook of Rheumatology, 3rd ed. Philadelphia: Saunders; 1989: 300-21.

Journal article on the Internet: Abood S. Quality improvement initiative in nursing homes: the ANA acts in an advisory role. Am J Nurs [serial on the Internet]. 2002 Jun [cited 2002 Aug 12]; 102(6):[about 3 p.]. Available from:

Illustrations. Illustrations should be numbered and provided with suitable legends. Illustrations must be submitted in electronic format. All images should be at least 5 inches wide. Images should be provided in TIF or EPS format, per the instruction for online submission at Macintosh or PC is acceptable. Graphics software such as Photoshop and Illustrator (not presentation software such as PowerPoint, CorelDraw, or Harvard Graphics) should be used in the creation of the art. Color images need to be CMYK, at least 300 DPI, and be accompanied by a digital color proof, not a color laser print or color photocopy. Note: This proof will be used at press for color reproduction. Gray scale images should be at least 300 DPI accompanied by a proof. Combinations of gray scale and line art should be at least 1200 DPI accompanied by a proof. Line art (black and white or color) should be at least 1200 DPI with a proof. For best possible reproduction, avoid using shading or dotted patterns; if unavoidable, submit this type of illustration in the form of a glossy photograph for best results. Use thick, solid lines and bold, solid type. Place lettering on a white background; avoid reverse type (white lettering on a dark background). Typewritten or freehand lettering is unacceptable. All lettering must be done professionally and should be in proportion to the drawing graph, or photograph. Do not send original art work, x-ray films, or electrocardiographic strips. Any special instructions regarding sizing should be clearly noted.

Legends to illustrations. Each illustration must be accompanied by a legend. These should be typed double-spaced on a separate page. If an illustration has been taken from published material, the legend must give full credit to the original source.

Tables. The tables should be typewritten double-spaced, including column heads, data and footnotes, and submitted on separate pages. Tables should be self-explanatory and should supplement, not duplicate, the text. All table reference citations should be repeats of numbers assigned within the text, not initial citations. A concise title should be supplied for each table. All columns should carry concise headings describing the data therein. Type all footnotes immediately below the table and define abbreviations. If a table or any data therein have been previously published, a footnote to the table must give full credit to the original source.

Permissions. Direct quotations, tables, or illustrations that have appeared in copyrighted material must be accompanied by written permission for their use from the copyright owner and original author along with complete information with respect to source. Photographs of identifiable persons must be accompanied by signed releases showing informed consent.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

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JPID ISSN 2008-7748 (print) 2008-7756 (online)
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