Effect of Nano Hydroxy Apatite on Artificial Carious Lesions Created on Extracted Teeth

Asghar Ebadifar, Mohammad Nomani, Sayed Ali Fatemi

Abstract


Background. Many types of toothpastes contain substances that can remineralize initial enamel caries. This study aimed to assess the effect of nano-hydroxyapatite (NHA) on microhardness of artificially created carious lesions.
Methods. In this in vitro study, NHA was prepared using sol-gel technique and added to the toothpaste with 7% concentration. A total of 80 extracted sound teeth were collected. The crowns were polished using 500-grit abrasive paper. The specimens were randomly coded from 1 to 80. Number 1 to 40 were assigned to group A and numbers 41 to 80 to group B. The microhardness was measured using HVS-1000 Vickers microhardness tester. The specimens were demineralized using 37% phosphoric acid for 3 minutes in order to create artificial carious lesions and then were rinsed with water, air-sprayed for 3 minutes and dried. Microhardness was measured again. Next, the specimens were brushed for 15 days, twice daily, for 15 seconds. After 15 days, microhardness was measured again. Toothpaste A contained NHA and fluoride and toothpaste B contained fluoride alone. Data were analyzed using SPSS 16, with one-sample Kolmogorov-Smirnov test and ANOVA at a significance level of P<0.05.
Results. The microhardness of specimens significantly decreased following acid exposure (P<0.01) but increased again in both groups after exposure to toothpastes. The increase in microhardness was significantly greater in group A (P<0.01).
Conclusion. The toothpaste containing NHA was more effective than the toothpaste without NHA for the purpose of remineralization.

Keywords


Toothpaste, nano-hydroxyapatite, microhardness, remineralization, decalcification

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Copyright (c) 2017 Asghar Ebadifar, Mohammad Nomani, Sayed Ali Fatemi

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.