The Effect of Repeated Preheating of Dimethacrylate and Silorane-based Composite Resins on Marginal Gap of Class V Restorations

Parnian Alizadeh Oskoee, Fatemeh Pournaghi Azar, Elmira Jafari Navimipour, Mohammad Esmaeel Ebrahimi Chaharom, Fereshteh Naser Alavi, Ashkan Salari

Abstract


Background. One of the problems with composite resin restorations is gap formation at resin‒tooth interface. The present study evaluated the effect of preheating cycles of silorane- and dimethacrylate-based composite resins on gap formation at the gingival margins of Class V restorations.
Methods. In this in vitro study, standard Class V cavities were prepared on the buccal surfaces of 48 bovine incisors. For restorative procedure, the samples were randomly divided into 2 groups based on the type of composite resin (group 1: di-methacrylate composite [Filtek Z250]; group 2: silorane composite [Filtek P90]) and each group was randomly divided into 2 subgroups based on the composite temperature (A: room temperature; B: after 40 preheating cycles up to 55°C). Marginal gaps were measured using a stereomicroscope at ×40 and analyzed with two-way ANOVA. Inter- and intra-group comparisons were analyzed with post-hoc Tukey tests. Significance level was defined at P < 0.05.
Results. The maximum and minimum gaps were detected in groups 1-A and 2-B, respectively. The effects of composite resin type, preheating and interactive effect of these variables on gap formation were significant (P<0.001). Post-hoc Tukey tests showed greater gap in dimethacrylate compared to silorane composite resins (P< 0.001). In each group, gap values were greater in composite resins at room temperature compared to composite resins after 40 preheating cycles (P<0.001).
Conclusion. Gap formation at the gingival margins of Class V cavities decreased due to preheating of both composite resins. Preheating of silorane-based composites can result in the best marginal adaptation.

Keywords


Marginal adaptation, preheating, silorane-based composite resin.

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Copyright (c) 2016 Parnian Alizadeh Oskoee, Fatemeh Pournaghi Azar, Elmira Jafari Navimipour, Mohammad Esmaeel Ebrahimi Chaharom, Fereshteh Naser Alavi, Ashkan Salari

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